Crude Oil Petroleum Product Classification And Uses is a subject of Petroleum Engineering. Petroleum products are all obtainable components of crude oil fraction which depends on the method of distillation .
These products range from methane to asphalt. They include both hydrocarbon and product containing other elements. The percentage of the elements is given below:
|composition||Percentage element (%)|
The Crude Oil Petroleum Product Classification And Uses are summarized as follows:
- Hydrocarbon between C1-C2 (gas)
- Liquid petroleum gas (LPG)
- Gasoline (petrol)
- Light Naphtha
- heavy Naphtha
- Residential heating fuel
- Other light fuel oil
- Heavy fuel oil
- Lubricating oil
Others products are known as cake.
|Fraction||composition||Boiling point (˚C)|
|Naphtha||C5H12 –C8H14||30 -150|
|Petroleum ether||30 -70|
|Gasoline||C6H14 –C8H18||70 -90|
|Ligroin||C6H14 –C8H18||90 -120|
|Benzene petrol||C8H18 –C10H22||120 -160|
|Kerosene||C10H22 –C18H38||160 -300|
|Gas heavy oil||C18H38 –C42H86||Above 300|
- Liquefied petroleum product (LPG): these categories are normally gases. They are length hydrocarbon and are condensed to liquid state. They include: propane, propylene, n-butane, butylenes; with a trace of ethane, ethylene, pentane, pentene. LPGs can also be extracted natural gas.
- Naphtha: this is found under the temperature of gasoline. It has many components. These components on the used (link) and conversion process. Naphtha can be of hydrocarbon and individual component types. In hydrocarbon types includes; olefins, paraffin, naphthalene and aromatics.
- Kerosene: this distillate is obtained by straight run distillation. A specified composition of paraffin is required to ensure normal burning. On cracking of kerosene is many hydrocarbon and non hydrocarbon compounds.
- Lubricating oil: this includes; paraffin, ceresin, petroleum and many more.
- Miscellaneous petroleum products: it is comprises of greases, bitumen, cake and many more. Unlock this exclusive content by using one of the sharing buttons below.
study to know how to distillate crude oil
L. W. leffer. Petroleum refining for the nontechnical persons (2nd ed). Pennwell book 1985
B. k. Sharma. Industrial chemistry (including chemical engineering). Goel publishing house (2004).